National survey of food in the child and adolescent population

It’s a food survey which includes child and adolescent population between 6 months and 17 years of age from all the autonomous communities. It is a single survey, which allows you to know exactly the kinds of foods and amounts consumed, which is essential to assess the intake of nutrients and for scientific research on exposure to other chemicals through food.

This project has begun in November 2012 and will be completed in the second half of 2014. From the spring of 2013 and a full year will be 1700 surveys of a sample of individuals previously selected random.

The activities of the Survey Site Reviews, from the design, are conducted in accordance with a harmonised and methodology agreed upon in Europe, collected in the book “General principles for the collection of national food consumption data in the view of a pan-European dietary¬†survey”. By this Razonefsa has valued its inclusion in the first countries participating in the European project EU Menu group.

The project, coordinated by EFSA, aims to harmonise the data collection of foods within the European framework, so that the data obtained in the surveys in different countries may be comparable and can be treated in a global manner for risk assessments and decision making on food safety within the community.

Methodology

In the survey ENALIA, following the guide above, applies different methodology depending on the age of the participants, two large known age groups between 6 months and 10 years and between 11 and 17 years.

The first group will be carried out twice-daily diet of one day and a home interview in which will take measure of weight and height.

In the latter years shall be two interviews of memory of 24 h, which will be supplemented with a questionnaire of frequency of consumption. Physical activity information will also be collected.

The consumed quantities will be calculated through the use of a photographic atlas of food designed and validated especially for this survey and homemade measures conversion table. For the preparation of this atlas as well as the different questionnaires have been followed the recommendations contained in the pilot projects of EFSA Pancake & Paneu

The field work will take place by interviewers especially trained and experienced in this type of survey.

For the classification and coding of food has been followed the method called FoodEx proposed by EFSA for the purposes of harmonization.

After treatment of the obtained results, details of individual consumption will be included in the basis of European food consumption data.

Photographic Atlas Enalia

It is recommended that the person who will fill the food consumption questionnaire use photographs of this atlas as an aid to calculate the size of the rations consumed.
The atlas includes 52 series of photographs of other so many different foods and each series contains between 4 and 6 photographs depicting different sizes of rations.
Most of the photographs can be used to help in the calculation not only photographing food, but also of others who once cooked have a similar appearance and whose amounts in weight are also determined. Each series of photos of food indicates this circumstance and various foods as an example.

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